American football equipment
consists of various piece of protective gear in order to keep players safe. The gear includes pieces such as:
- Elbow Pads
- Shoulder Pads
- Knee Pads
- Thigh Pads
- Tailbone Pads
- Neck Rolls
- Mouth Guards
- Hip Pads
- Rib Pads
The helmet consists of a solid shell that is created from hard plastic with thick padding on the inside and a mask with one or several metallic bars running across. They are a requirement regardless of organized football level unless you are playing variations that do not involve tackling.
Depending on the position played, the style of the face mask can vary to give specific types of protection and visibility. There are now at least 15 types of face masks available to cater for each position.
In 1994, the NFL
allowed for quarterbacks to have a wireless receiver embedded in the helmet so that coaches could give instruction without having to call a time out. This is only allowed for the quarter back though and in the NFL rules, it states that helmets with a wiresless receiver must be signified by placing a green dot on the back.
The shoulder pads are probably the most intricate pieces out of all the equipment for football players. They consist of a hard out shell and padding underneath and sits over the shoulder, chest and ribs of a player.
The purpose of the shoulder pads are to absorb the impact of a hit whilst distributing it through the larger area to take pressure off the actual point of impact.
Just like with the helmets, there are various styles of shoulder pads depending on the position being played. For e.g. a quarterback typically has a more lightweight variation to allow for mobility and speed.
The types of shoes can vary depending on the weather conditions and the field type. So if the weather is dry, shoes with light shoes are typically used. If the weather is damp, then shoes with thicker soles are used and if it's wet, then players will generally wear shoes with very thick soles.